引用本文:罗碧云,冼丹霞.母亲孕期胎教情况对学龄前儿童行为问题的影响[J].中国临床新医学,2019,12(3):311-314.
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母亲孕期胎教情况对学龄前儿童行为问题的影响
罗碧云,冼丹霞
518109 广东,深圳市龙华区妇幼保健院保健部
摘要:
[摘要] 目的 探讨母亲孕期胎教情况与学龄前儿童行为问题的关系,为该地区开展孕期胎教与儿童行为干预提供依据。方法 采用Conners父母问卷对深圳市龙华新区9 289名3~4岁的幼儿园学龄前儿童行为问题进行调查,用自编问卷调查其母亲孕期的胎教情况。按胎教频率分为三组,分别为偶尔有(每月3次及以下)作为A组,经常有(每周1~4次)作为B组和几乎天天有(每周5~7次)作为C组。结果 发现音乐胎教和语言胎教频次越多,学龄前儿童行为问题中的六个因子(品行问题、学习问题、心身问题、多动-冲动、焦虑、多动指数)得分越低(P<0.05);抚摸胎教频次越多,儿童心理行为问题中的两个因子品行问题、学习问题得分越低(P<0.05)。结论 母亲孕期进行胎教,尤其音乐胎教和语言胎教有利于减少学龄前儿童不良行为问题的发生。
关键词:  胎教  学龄前儿童  行为问题
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2019.03.19
分类号:R 179
基金项目:
The influence of maternal prenatal education on behavior problems in preschool children
LUO Bi-yun, XIAN Dan-xia
Health Department of Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Longhua District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong 518109, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Objective To explore the relationship between maternal prenatal education and behavior problems in preschool children and to provide the evidence for behavior intervention in the local district. Methods Nine thousand two hundred and eighty-nine preschool children, aged 3 to 4 years old, with behavior problems were investigated by Conners parents questionnaire in Longhua new district of Shenzhen city. The maternal prenatal educations were investigated by self-designed questionnaire and were divided into three groups according to the fetal education frequency: group A(occasional prenatal education, ≤3 times monthly), group B(frequent prenatal education, 1 to 4 times weekly), and group C(prenatal education almost every day, 5 to 7 times weekly). Results The more times of music and language prenatal education the mothers gave, the lower scores of six factors of behavior problems(learning, psychosomatic, hyperactivity impulses, anxiety and hyperactivity problems) the preschool children got (P<0.05). The more times of prenatal caress education, the lower scores of two factors of behavior problems and learning problems in children′s psychology and behavior (P<0.05). Conclusion Maternal prenatal education especially music and language teaching can beneficially reduce the behavior problems of preschool children.
Key words:  Fetal education  Preschool children  Behavior problems