引用本文:刘金刚,林爱英,蔡 劲.珠海市12岁小学生牙病状况调查与口腔健康行为分析[J].中国临床新医学,2019,12(4):385-388.
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珠海市12岁小学生牙病状况调查与口腔健康行为分析
刘金刚,林爱英,蔡 劲
519000 广东,珠海市人民医院口腔科
摘要:
[摘要] 目的 了解珠海市12岁小学生口腔健康状况,探讨牙病发病的相关因素,为珠海市儿童牙病的预防及针对性的口腔健康教育提供科学依据。方法 采用整群随机抽样的方法,选择珠海市3个区3所小学633名12岁小学生为调查对象,进行口腔健康检查和问卷调查。结果 633名受检学生中,恒牙的患龋率为37.28%,龋均0.87条。牙龈出血检出率为37.12%。结论 珠海市12岁小学生牙病的患病率较高,不规范的刷牙、睡前进食、喝碳酸饮料是龋病、牙周病、牙龈出血的危险因素,需进一步加强口腔保健知识的宣传教育。
关键词:  12岁儿童  口腔卫生  龋病  牙龈出血
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2019.04.08
分类号:R 780.1
基金项目:广东省医学科研基金项目(编号:A2014677)
Investigation on dental disease status and oral health behavior of 12-year-old pupils in Zhuhai City
LIU Jin-gang, LIN Ai-ying, CAI Jing
Department of Stomatology, the People′s Hospital of Zhuhai City, Guangdong 519000, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Objective To investigate the oral health status of 12-year-old pupils in Zhuhai City, and analyze the related factors and to provide scientific evidence for oral health care. Methods 633 pupils aged 12 years old were selected as the research subjects in Zhuhai City from three primary schools by cluster ramdom sampling. Oral health checkups and questionnaires were carried out on them. Results In the 633 pupils selected, the per capita dental caries was 0.87, and the caries prevalence rate was 37.28%. The gingival bleeding detection rate was 37.12%. Conclusion The prevalence of dental carles in 12-year-old pupils in Zhuhai is higher. Non-frequency tooth brushing, eating before going to bed, and drinking carbonated drinks are the risk factors of children′s oral health. We need to strengthen the propaganda of oral health care knowledge.
Key words:  12-year-old children  Oral hygiene  Dental caries  Gingival bleeding