引用本文:胡 瑾,杨 琳.足月妊娠孕妇引产过程中应用宫颈球囊扩张器的临床效果分析[J].中国临床新医学,2019,12(4):430-432.
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足月妊娠孕妇引产过程中应用宫颈球囊扩张器的临床效果分析
胡 瑾,杨 琳
510506 广东,广州市白云区人民医院妇产科
摘要:
[摘要] 目的 分析足月妊娠孕妇引产过程中应用宫颈球囊扩张器的临床效果。方法 选取2017-01~2017-12该院需要引产的足月妊娠孕妇共130例作为研究对象,根据孕妇引产方法进行分组,65例接受催产素引产的孕妇为对照组,65例利用宫颈球囊扩张器引产的孕妇为观察组,比较两组引产效果。结果 观察组阴道分娩率为92.31%,高于对照组的73.85%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组临产发动时间、总产程时间、住院时间均短于对照组,出血量少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组引产后感染及胎盘早剥发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组孕妇对引产的满意度为95.38%,高于对照组的81.54%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 足月妊娠孕妇引产过程中应用宫颈球囊扩张器能够提升阴道分娩率,提升引产成功率及孕妇的满意度,可临床推广应用。
关键词:  孕妇  足月妊娠  宫颈球囊扩张器  引产
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2019.04.20
分类号:R 717
基金项目:
Clinical effect and application value of cervical balloon dilator in the induction of labor in full-term pregnancy women
HU Jin, YANG Lin
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, the People′s Hospital of Baiyun District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong 510506, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Objective To study the clinical effect and application value of cervical balloon dilator in the induction of labor in women with full-term pregnancy. Methods A total of 130 women with full-term pregnancy who required induced labor in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2017 were selected as the study subjects. They were divided into observation group and control group according to the different methods of maternal labor induction, with 65 cases in each group. The control group received oxytocin induction and the observation group received cervical balloon dilator. The induction effect was compared between the two groups. Results The vaginal delivery rate of the observation group(92.31%) was higher than that of the control group(73.85%)(P<0.05). The start-up time, total labor time, and length of stay in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group(P<0.05). The blood loss in the observation group was less than that in the control group(P<0.05). The incidence rates of post-induction labor infection and placental abruption in the observation group were lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). The satisfaction degree of the pregnant women in the observation group(95.38%) was higher than that in the control group(81.54%). Conclusion Cervical balloon dilator can improve the vaginal delivery rate during the induction of labor in the pregnant women with full-term pregnancy. It can elevate the success rate of induced labor and the satisfaction degree of the pregnant women.
Key words:  Pregnant women  Full-term pregnancy  Cervical balloon dilator  Induced labor