引用本文:卢显威(综述),韦 玮(审校).胸腰椎骨折的治疗进展[J].中国临床新医学,2019,12(9):1038-1043.
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胸腰椎骨折的治疗进展
卢显威(综述),韦 玮(审校)
530199 南宁,广西医科大学附属武鸣医院骨科
摘要:
[摘要] 随着工业现代化和交通事业的快速发展,各种高能量损伤导致胸腰椎骨折的病例逐渐增多,给人们的健康带来很大的危害,如何规范治疗胸腰椎骨折成为骨科医师面临的挑战。经过几十年研究,对胸腰椎骨折的分型评分方法、手术入路的选择、手术方式的选择等形成了一定的共识,但仍存在一些争议。该文就胸腰椎骨折的分型、治疗原则、手术入路、手术方式进行综述,以期为骨科医师诊治胸腰椎骨折提供参考。
关键词:  胸腰椎骨折  分型  治疗原则  手术入路  手术方式
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2019.09.29
分类号:R 683.2
基金项目:
Treatment progress of thoracolumbar fracture
LU Xian-wei, WEI Wei
Department of Orthopedics, Wuming Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530199, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] With the rapid development of industrial modernization and transportation industry, all kinds of high-energy injury lead to thoracolumbar fractures, causing great harm to people′s health. Performing standardized treatment of thoracolumbar fractures has become a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. After several decades of research, there are some certain consensuses on the classification of thoracolumbar fractures, the choice of surgical approaches and surgical methods in spite of some problems to be worked out. The classification, treatment principles, surgical approaches and surgical methods of thoracolumbar fracture are reviewed in this paper to provide reference for diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
Key words:  Thoracolumbar fracture  Types  Principles of treatment  Surgical approaches  Operation methods