引用本文:黄建双,陈海滨,陈燕萍,杨绍湖,周 吉,黄秋兰.南宁市武鸣区壮族居民健康生活方式相关知识和行为调查[J].中国临床新医学,2019,12(12):1307-1311.
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南宁市武鸣区壮族居民健康生活方式相关知识和行为调查
黄建双,陈海滨,陈燕萍,杨绍湖,周 吉,黄秋兰
530028 广西,南宁市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防制科
摘要:
[摘要] 目的 调查评估南宁市武鸣区壮族居民健康相关生活方式现状,为相关部门制定针对性慢性病防控策略提供数据支持。方法 采用分层随机抽样法抽选南宁市武鸣区500名常住壮族居民进行问卷调查,了解壮族居民健康生活方式的现状与特征。结果  壮族居民平衡膳食知晓率为87.0%,食用盐和烹调油推荐量的知晓率低于40.0%,仅有25.0%的居民知晓正常BMI值,对身体活动水平推荐量的知晓率仅为58.8%;71.2%和92.0%的居民可以做到不吸烟和不酗酒;各类健康支持性工具使用率均低于10.0%,自觉控油限盐和控制体重的情况均不乐观。结论 南宁市武鸣区壮族居民的健康生活方式知识知晓率和健康行为持有率较低,应加强壮族居民的健康宣教和健康指导。
关键词:  壮族居民  健康生活方式  知识  行为
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2019.12.13
分类号:R 193
基金项目:广西卫健委科研课题(编号:Z20170718,Z20180346)
Survey on knowledge and behavior of healthy lifestyles of Zhuang nationality residents in Wuming District of Nanning City
HUANG Jian-shuang, CHEN Hai-bin, CHEN Yan-ping, et al.
Department of Non-communicable Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Nanning Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangxi 530028, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Objective To investigate and evaluate the healthy lifestyles of Zhuang nationality residents in Wuming District of Nanning City, and provide data support for relevant departments to formulate targeted strategies for chronic disease prevention and control. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 500 permanent Zhuang residents in Wuming District of Nanning City by stratified random sampling to understand the current status and characteristics of their healthy lifestyles. Results The awareness rate of balanced diet among the Zhuang residents was 87.0%, and the awareness rate of recommended intake of edible salt and cooking oil was less than 40.0%. Only 25.0% of the Zhuang residents knew the normal value of BMI, and the awareness rate of the recommended level of physical activity was only 58.8%, 71.2% and 92.0% of the residents could avoid smoking and excessive drinking. The utilization rates of all kinds of health supporting tools were less than 10.0%, and the self-conscious oil and salt control and weight control were not good. Conclusion The awareness rate of healthy lifestyle knowledge and the holding rate of healthy behavior of Zhuang nationality residents in Wuming District of Nanning City are relatively low. Health education and health guidance for Zhuang residents should be strengthened.
Key words:  Zhuang nationality residents  Healthy lifestyles  Knowledge  Behavior