引用本文:潘小波.传统及数字化口腔种植导板的制作及临床应用研究进展[J].中国临床新医学,2020,13(4):337-340.
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传统及数字化口腔种植导板的制作及临床应用研究进展
潘小波
530021 南宁,广西壮族自治区人民医院口腔科
摘要:
[摘要] 随着口腔种植手术的广泛开展,种植导板在术中的应用不仅有助于术前诊疗计划的设计,还有助于种植体在牙槽骨中的正确定位、成角优化,从而最终达到兼顾功能和美学的术后效果。以修复为导向设计种植导板应用于临床,可相对降低并发症发生的风险。随着椎形束CT(CBCT)的广泛应用,国内外学者在传统种植导板的基础上,结合数字化技术,完成了各种改良式种植导板的制作,由此推进了种植导板的发展。该文对常用的口腔种植导板的分类、优缺点以及计算机辅助外科种植导板进行综述,为临床中种植导板的应用提供参考。
关键词:  种植导板  精确性  植入位置  计算机辅助设计/计算机辅助制作
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2020.04.04
分类号:R 783.6
基金项目:广西医疗卫生适宜技术开发与推广应用项目(编号:S2017081)
Research progress in the manufacture and clinical application of traditional and digital dental surgical templates
PAN Xiao-bo
Department of Stomatology, the People′s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 530021, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] With the extensive development of oral implant surgery, the application of surgical template in the operation is not only conducive to the design of preoperative diagnosis and treatment plan, but also conducive to the correct positioning and optimized angulation of the dental implants in alveolar bones, so as to achieve both functional and aesthetic postoperative results. Prosthodontics-oriented design of surgical template can reduce the risk of occurrence of complications after dental implant surgery. With the increasingly wide application of cone-beam computed tomography(CBCT), scholars at home and abroad have made various improved surgical templates based on traditional surgical template combined with digital technology, thus promoting the development of surgical templates. In this paper, the classification, advantages and disadvantages of the commonly used dental surgical template, as well as the computer-aided surgical template were reviewed, providing a reference for the clinical application of surgical template.
Key words:  Surgical template  Accuracy  Implantation position  Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing(CAD/CAM)