引用本文:易绍亚,艾文娟,谢明花,余汉兵,李俊杰,李 陵.深圳市宝安区6月龄~3周岁婴幼儿的喂养方式及营养状况分析[J].中国临床新医学,2018,11(10):986-989.
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深圳市宝安区6月龄~3周岁婴幼儿的喂养方式及营养状况分析
易绍亚,艾文娟,谢明花,余汉兵,李俊杰,李 陵
518102 广东,深圳市宝安区中心医院流塘社区健康服务中心
摘要:
[摘要] 目的 分析深圳市宝安区6月龄~3周岁婴幼儿的喂养方式及营养状况。方法 选取2012-01~2016-12于深圳市宝安区中心医院社区健康服务中心进行健康体检的6月龄~3周岁的婴幼儿100例作为研究对象,按照喂养方式分为母乳喂养组和混合喂养组,并测定年龄别身高Z评分(LAZ)、年龄别体重Z评分(WAZ)及Kaup指数。结果 随着年龄的增加,母乳喂养的百分比逐渐减少,而混合喂养的百分比逐渐增加;不同年龄段母乳喂养婴幼儿的LAZ和WAZ均高于混合喂养,但两组间差异统计学意义(P>0.05);母乳喂养组婴幼儿营养状况正常的人数为42例(91.30%),高于混合喂养组的婴幼儿营养正常的比例(74.74%)(P<0.05)。结论 母乳喂养能够使婴幼儿达到理想的营养状态,促进婴幼儿营养的均衡发展。
关键词:  母乳喂养  混合喂养  营养状况  婴幼儿
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2018.10.07
分类号:R 153.2
基金项目:深圳市宝安区科技计划基础研究项目(编号:2017JD092)
Analysis of the feeding modes and nutritional status in infants aged 6 months to 3 years in Bao′an District of Shenzhen City
YI Shao-ya, AI Wen-juan, XIE Ming-hua, et al.
Health Service Center of Liutang Community, Bao′an District Central Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518102, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Objective To analyse the feeding modes and nutritional status in infants aged 6 months to 3 years in Bao′an District of Shenzhen City. Methods 100 infants and young children aged aged 6 months to 3 years who received physical examination in Health Service Center of Liutang Community, Baoan District Central Hospital in Shenzhen City from January 2012 to December 2016 were selected as the research subjects, and were divided into breastfeeding group and mixed feeding group according to different feeding methods. The indexes of LAZ, WAZ and Kaup were measured. Results With the age increased, the percentage of breastfeeding was gradually decreased, while the percentage of mixed feeding was gradually increased. The indexes of LAZ and WAZ in the breast-fed infants at different ages were higher than those in the mixed-milk-fed infants, but there were no significant differences between the two groups(P>0.05). The number of normal nutritional status of the breastfeeding infants was 42(91.30%), which was significantly higher than that of the mixed-milk-fed infants(74.74%)(P<0.05). Conclusion Breastfeeding makes the infants to achieve an ideal nutritional status, and to promote the balance of infant nutrition.
Key words:  Breast feeding  Mixed feeding  Nutritional status  Infants