引用本文:李伶俐(综述),李 潇(审校).钛基种植体表面涂层的研究进展[J].中国临床新医学,2020,13(5):527-532.
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钛基种植体表面涂层的研究进展
李伶俐(综述),李 潇(审校)
510630 广东,暨南大学口腔医学院(李伶俐);510010 广东,中国人民解放军南部战区总医院口腔科(李伶俐,李 潇)
摘要:
[摘要] 钛基种植体是人体牙缺失修复治疗的理想修复装置,种植体周围软硬组织细菌性炎症和骨整合不良等是导致种植失败的常见原因。钛基种植体负载涂层可以抑制种植体周围细菌附着,促进成骨相关细胞增殖分化,从而提高种植体的性能以降低手术失败率。目前种植体涂层的种类繁多,该文对近年研究较多的抗菌涂层、促成骨涂层和抗菌-促成骨复合涂层的作用机制和优缺点进行综述。
关键词:  种植体涂层  复合涂层  抗菌涂层  骨结合
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2020.05.25
分类号:R 78
基金项目:全军后勤科研计划项目(编号:CGZ16C006)
Research progress of Ti-implant surface coatings
LI Ling-li, LI Xiao
School of Stomatology, Jinan University, Guangdong 510630, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] Ti-implant is a kind of ideal restore device for tooth loss. The main culprit why many implant surgeries fail lies in bacterial inflammation and poor osseointegration of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the implants. So far, many studies have found that implants equipped with coatings, which are able to curb bacterial attachment and promote proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast, make longer the implants′ duration of service accessible and reduce the failure rate of detal implant. Now there are various coatings in use. In this paper, the mechanism of action and the advantages and disadvantages of antibacterial coatings, osteogenic coatings and antibacterial-osteogenic composite coatings that are reported widely in recent years are summarized respectively.
Key words:  Implant coatings  Composite coatings  Antibacterial coatings  Osseointegration